You can’t just plant a tree and forget about it. Trees need care and attention to stay healthy and thrive. Here’s everything you need to know about taking care of trees.
Water & Sunlight
Trees need water to survive, but they also need the right amount of water. Too much or too little water can be damaging. The best way to water a tree is to soak the root system deeply once a week. This can be done with a soaker hose or by slowly filling a bucket with water and letting it seep into the ground around the tree.
Trees also need sunlight to produce food through photosynthesis. However, too much sun can be harmful, especially in hot climates. The best way to provide trees with the right amount of sunlight is to plant them in an area with partial sun and shade throughout the day.
Pruning & Fertilizing
Pruning is important for tree health because it helps the tree direct its energy to the most important parts for growth. When pruning, remove dead or diseased branches and thin out crowded areas to allow light and air to reach all parts of the tree. Fertilizing is also important for trees. The best time to fertilize is in the spring before new growth begins. Use a slow-release fertilizer specific for trees and follow the directions on the package.
Protecting Against Pests & Diseases
Trees are susceptible to pests and diseases, just like any other plant. The best way to protect trees is to keep them healthy with proper watering, sunlight, pruning, and fertilizing. If you do notice pests or diseases, be sure to treat them immediately to prevent further damage. Certain chemicals like herbicides and pesticides can be harmful to trees. Be sure to read the labels carefully and follow the directions before using any chemicals near trees. Rare species of trees may be protected by law, so check before using any chemicals.
Woodwork & Construction
Trees can be damaged by construction work, so it’s important to take precautions to protect them. If you’re constructing near trees, mark the tree’s location and have the utility companies mark any underground lines. When excavating, be careful not to damage tree roots. And when using heavy equipment, be sure to keep a safe distance from trees.
The type of soil a tree is planted in can greatly impact its health. Trees need well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. If the soil is too sandy or clay-like, it can be amended with organic matter to improve drainage and aeration. Be sure to test the soil before planting to know what amendments are needed.
Mulching is a great way to help trees stay healthy. Mulch helps regulate soil temperature, retain moisture, and prevent weeds from growing. Be sure to use an organic mulch like wood chips or bark and apply it around the tree’s base, taking care not to pile it up against the trunk.
These are just a few things you need to know about taking care of trees. With proper care, trees can live for many years and provide countless benefits.